This joint issue with the Brazilian Post commemorates the arrival of the Portuguese royal family, the court and their servants (totalling ca. 15,000 people) in Salvador, Brazil, on 22 January 1808. They were escaping the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal and thereby avoiding the deposition of prince regent John VI and his mother Queen Maria I and loss of sovereignty.
For 13 years, Portugal’s capital was Rio de Janeiro: an European country was ruled from one of its colonies. The transfer of the court had several benefits for Brazil. John VI introduced reforms (e.g. the permission to print newspapers) and created several institutions (e.g. medical schools and the Bank of Brazil) that advanced Brazil’s industrial, economic, cultural and administrative development, which eventually led to Brazil’s independence in 1822.
The right stamp below is based on a painting by Nicolau Delerive that can be seen in the National Coach Museum in Lisbon. It’s interesting how the designer inverted the women’s group so that they seem to say goodbye to the ship while they’re offering (or trying to sell) something to the prince in the original painting.
All stamps were designed by José Luís Tinoco and issued on 22 January 2008.
The undenominated Portuguese stamps are for national and international (non-EU) post weighing up to 20g, which cost €0.30 and €0.75, respectively, on the day of issue. Note that the national postage stamp shows the departure from Portugal and the international postage stamp shows the arrival in Brazil. The stamps were lithographed by Cartor on enamelled paper sheets of 10×5 se-tenant stamps with perforation 13×13¾.
The Brazilian stamps were printed by the Brazilian Mint on sheets of 30 stamps with perforation 11½×12.